All exams are prepared by our staff under the category of general knowledge.  None of the exam questions have come from copy written material.  More than one correct answer may be present, therefore pick the best one.  Exams are to help prepare participants who are enrolled in an EMTS course.  If you do not understand a question or the correct answer bring the information to class for further discussion. NOT ALL ANSWERS WILL BE ADDRESSED IN THE STUDY PACKET. BY THE TIME THE COURSE HAS CONCLUDED ALL AREAS OF THE COURSE WILL HAVE BEEN PRESENTED.

Insert your answer after each question. Instructions are given at the end regarding how to access the answer key.

Questions for New 2010  AHA Guidelines

Name:

 

Date:

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1. How far down should the sternum be depressed while performing a chest compression on a child?

a. at least 1.5 inches

b. at least 1/3 the depth of chest

c. 2 inches

d. both B and C are correct

2. How far down should the sternum be depressed while performing a chest compression on an adult?

a. at least 2 inches

b. at least 1/5 the depth of chest

c. approximately 1.5 inches

d. both B and C are correct

3. How far down should the sternum be depressed while performing a chest compression on an Infant?

a. approximately 1.5 inches

b. at least 1/3 the depth of chest

c. approximately 2 inches

d. both A and B are correct

4. What is the AHA age range for Adult AHA CPR procedures?

a. Over 16 year of age

b. Over 18 years of age

c. Over 12-14 years of age

d. Over 8-10 years of age

5. What is the AHA Basic Life Support age range for Infant procedures?

a. Birth to 1 year of age

b. 30 days to 1 year of age

c. 1 year to 3 years of age

d. 1 to 8 years of age

6. What is the AHA age range for child procedures?

a. 1 to 12-14 years of age

b. Birth to 8-10 year of age

c. 1 to 8 years of age

d. 1 to 18 years of age

7.  When rescue breathing for an Infant with a pulse, give one ventilation every?

a. 3 to 4 seconds

b. 5 seconds

c. 3 to 5 seconds

d. 4 seconds

8. When rescue breathing for an Adult with a pulse, give one ventilation every?

a. 3 to 4 seconds

b. 5 to 6 seconds

c. 2 seconds

d. 1 seconds

9. When rescue breathing for a Child with a pulse, give one ventilation every?

a. 3 to 5 seconds

b. 5 seconds

c. 2 to 3 seconds

d. 3 seconds

10.  How would you describe hand placement on the chest to perform a compression on an Infant?

a. Two fingers, one finger width below the nipple line

b. Heal of one hand placed on the lower third of the sternum with the other hand placed on top of the first hand

c. Two fingers, one finger width above the nipple line

d. Heal of one hand placed on the lower third of the sternum

11. How would you describe hand placement on the chest to perform a compression on an Adult?

a. Two fingers, one finger width below the nipple line

b. Heal of one hand placed on the lower third of the sternum with the other hand placed on top of the first hand

c. Heal of one hand placed on the lower half of the sternum with the other hand placed on top of the first hand

d. Heal of one hand placed on the lower third of the sternum

12. How would you describe hand placement on the chest to perform a compression on a Child?

a. Two fingers, one finger width below the nipple line

b. Heal of one hand placed on the lower half of the sternum with the other hand placed on top of the first hand

c. Heal of one hand placed on the lower half of the sternum

d. Heal of one hand placed on the upper third of the sternum

13. What is the rate of chest compressions for an Adult in one minute?

a. 80-100 compressions per minute

b. 100 compressions per minute

c. 100 to 120 compression per minute

d. 120 compressions per minute

14. What is the rate of chest compressions for a Child in one minute?

a. 80-100 compressions per minute

b. 100 compressions per minute

c. 100 to 120 compression per minute

d. 120 compressions per minute

15. What is the rate of chest compressions for an Infant in one minute?

a. 80-100 compressions per minute

b. 100 compressions per minute

c. 100 to 120 compression per minute

d. 120 compressions per minute

16.  When do you get help for an unresponsive Adult victim?

a. After two minute of resuscitative efforts

b. After opening the airway and checking for a pulse

c. Immediately after checking for responsiveness

d. Once the CAB's have been assessed

17. When do you get help for an unresponsive Child or Infant victim, when you are alone?

a. After two minute of resuscitative efforts

b. After opening the airway and checking for a pulse

c. Immediately after checking for responsiveness

d. Once the CAB's have been established

18.  What is the step just before you ventilate in the CAB's?

a. Check for responsiveness

b. Open the airway

c. Ventilate two times

d. You look over the patient for sign of life

19.  Which of the following choices are the most modifiable risk factors for stroke and heart attack?

a. Heredity, gender, diabetes

b. Age, smoking, weight

c. Smoking, cholesterol, blood pressure

d. Smoking, cholesterol, diabetes

20.  What is the most common cardiac rhythm that an adult is most likely to experience in early cardiac arrest?

a. Ventricular tachycardia

b. Asystole

c. Pulseless electrical activity

d. Ventricular fibrillation

21. How old should an adult victim be to have an automated external defibrillator (AED) placed on them?

a. 8 years

b. 12 to 14 years

c. 10 years

d. 12 years

22. What is the ratio of compressions to ventilations when performing one rescuer CPR on an Adult?

a. 2 to 15

b. 5 to 1

c. 15 to 2

d. 30 to 2

23. What is the ratio of compressions to ventilations when performing two rescuer CPR on an Adult?

a. 2 to 15

b. 30 to 2

c. 15 to 2

d. 15 to 1

24. What is the ratio of compressions to ventilations when performing one rescuer CPR on an Infant?

a. 2 to 10

b. 15 to 2

c. 1 to 5

d. none of the above

25. What is the ratio of compressions to ventilations when performing one rescuer CPR on an Child?

a. 2 to 15

b. 30 to 2

c. 15 to 2

d. 2 to 30

26. What is the ratio of compressions to ventilations when performing two rescuer CPR on a 3 week old according to the AHA Basic Life Support Healthcare Provider Standard course?

a. 3 to 1

b. 5 to 1

c. 15 to 2

d. 30 to 2

27. Pulse check location for a Child?

a. Carotid

b. Brachial

c. Femoral

d. Radial

28.  When do you reassess a victim once CPR is started?

a. After two minutes of CPR

b. After one minute and then every few minutes after that

c. After 4 cycles

d. After three minutes of chest compressions

29. A bag-valve-mask device is preferred to ventilate a non-breathing victim over a mouth-to mask device.

a. True

b. False

30. A mouth-to-mask device delivers greater tidal volume of air compared to a bag-valve-mask.

a. True

b. False

31. Why is it not advisable to do a blind finger sweep on unconscious choking victims of all ages?

a. You usually can view the object due to the small size of the child's head

b. You can push the object deeper

c. Fingers can damage the soft tissues of the mouth causing swelling

d. The child could bite the rescuers finger

32. When do you get help for a conscious choking adult, if you are alone?

a.  Immediately

b. After one minute of choking procedures

c. When the victim becomes unresponsive

d. Once they become unresponsive and a minute of CPR is completed

33. When delivering ventilations to a non-breathing victim using room air only, each ventilation should be delivered over?

a. 3 seconds

b. 5 seconds

c. 2 seconds

d. 1 second

34. When providing a chest compression your hands should allow the chest to reach full recoil.

a. True

b. False

35. When evaluating a conscious choking persons airway for blockage, which of the following questions would  be the least preferred  for the rescuer to ask?

a. Are you OK

b. Are you choking

c. Can you breathe

d. Can you speak

36. List three reasons when chest thrusts would be performed on a conscious choking victim instead of abdominal thrusts.

37. What are the three most common reasons that lead to gastric distention (air in the stomach)?

38. Approximately 75% of heart attack victims experience chest pain.

a. True

b. False

39. When using a bag-valve-mask as a single rescuer how is the mask held to the face?

a. Use a "u" clamp

b. Use a "c" clamp

c. Use a "n" clamp

d. Use a jaw thrust clamp

40.  What is the preferred method to open the airway of a non-trauma victim?

a. Head tilt, jaw thrust

b. Jaw thrust

c. Head tilt, chin lift

d. Head tilt, neck lift

41. What is the AHA Chain of Survival when treating an Adult cardiac arrest?

a. Early CPR, Early Help, Early Defibrillation, Early Advance Care

b. Early Help, Early CPR, Early Defibrillation, Early Advance Care

c. Early Help, Early CPR, Early Advance Care, Early Defibrillation

d. Early Advance Care, Early Defibrillation, Early Help, Early CPR

42.  The goal to save an Adult cardiac arrest is?

a. Defibrillation within 10 minutes of arrest

b. Defibrillation within 5 minutes with no CPR

c. CPR and defibrillation within 5 minutes of arrest

d. CPR and defibrillation within 10 minutes of arrest

43. When is compression only CPR recommended with no ventilations in this country?

a. When the victim was breathing just before going into cardiac arrest

b. When the victim has a communicable disease, even if a barrier device is available

c. When a lay person with no CPR training is on the phone with 911 and the dispatcher is giving instructions to the lay rescuer

d. The first 10 minutes of cardiac arrest because the body is oxygenated

44. How long should the initial pulse check last?

a. 5 to 10 seconds

b. 8 seconds

c. 10 to 15 seconds

d. 3 to 5 seconds

45. What is the name given to the position of placing the victim on their side?

a. Prone

b. Recovery position

c. Shock position

d. Lateral adduction position

Insert  your answer after each question.  When done press "Record Choices" at the bottom of the exam.  Then you may print the form and compare your choices to the key.  Click here for "Answer Key"


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