In general there are 5 types of law.
Laws affecting EMS and the EMT
Mandatory reporting requirements
Legal protections for the paramedic
Components of a negligence claim
All FOUR must be proven for negligence.
Paramedics have legal and 30) duties to protect their patientsí privacy and treat them with honesty, respect, and compassion.
Situations allowing release of patient information
Special consent situations
Minor is usually under age 51) unless they are 52) , legally 53) , 54) , and active 55) .
At any time a competent adult may withdrawal consent at 56) during care. The patient may choose 57) only with no care or care only and no 58) .
Refusal of service at a minimum requires
Legal complications related to consent
Resuscitation issues. Generally, you are under obligation to begin resuscitative efforts when summoned to the scene of a patient who is unresponsive, pulseless, and apneic. Sometimes, however, you will determine that resuscitation is not indicated.
70) directives is a generic term used when a patient expressed their wishes in advance of a medical situation.
Death in the field. Crime and accident scenes. You should be familiar with crime-scene preservation issues, but you must not sacrifice patient care to preserve evidence or to become involved in detective work.
FROM THIS POINT ON COMPARE YOUR ANSWERS WITH CLASSMATES. NO ANSWER KEY WILL BE PROVIDED WHEN CLICKING "CLICK HERE TO GRADE" AT BOTTOM OF PAGE.
1. As a paramedic, one of your ethical responsibilities is to treat all patients with .
2. Your best protection from liability is to be thorough and perform assessments.
3. The area of law in which the federal, state, or local government will prosecute an individual on behalf of society for violating laws meant to protect society is law.
4. Elements of include proof that the EMT was the proximate cause of actual damages to the patient.
5. To show the existence of proximate cause, the plaintiff needs to prove that the to the patient was reasonably foreseeable.
6. The act of injuring a personís character, name, or reputation by false or malicious statements spoken with malicious intent or reckless disregard for the falsity of those statements is called .
7. If you respond to a 7-year-old child with a life-threatening injury and no parent or guardian is available, you may still treat the child because of consent.
8. If a competent adult refuses care, you should the situation thoroughly.
9. The termination of the paramedic-patient relationship without assurance that an equal or greater level of care will continue is termed .
10. A paramedic who starts an IV on a patient who does not consent to such treatment may be sued for .
11. During transport of a patient to a health care facility, the level of care the patient receives must (may) be at least the level of care received at the scene.
12. A document created to ensure that certain treatment choices are honored when a patient is unconscious or otherwise unable to express his choice of treatment is called a(n) directive.
13. If you have any doubt about whether a order is valid, you should initiate resuscitation efforts.
14. Which type of form gives instruction to withhold CPR.
15. When you are treating a patient at a crime scene, your responsibilities include trying not to touch the body at all if the patient has an obvious mortal wound such as decapitation.
16. Regarding documentation the patient report should be completed after patient contact.
17. A legal document that allows a person to specify the kinds of medical treatment he wishes to receive should the need arise is called a living will.
1. The best protection from liability is to perform assessment, provide appropriate
care, and maintain accurate and complete .
2. The paramedic must treat patients and their families with and .
3. A civil wrong committed by one individual against another is called a(n) .
4. The law that is derived from societyís acceptance of customs and norms over time is called law.
5. is a process used to regulate occupations.
6. refers to the recognition granted to an individual who has met predetermined qualifications to participate in a certain activity.
7. The range of duties and skills paramedics are allowed and expected to perform is their .
8. You may function as a paramedic only under the supervision of a licensed physician through a delegation of authority.
12. cause is the action or inaction of the paramedic that immediately causes or worsens the damage suffered by a patient.
13. is the act of injuring a personís character, name, or reputation by false or malicious statements written with malicious intent or reckless disregard for the falsity of those statements.
14. If your patient is able to make an informed decision about medical care, he is considered .
15. Consent for treatment granted by the authority of a court order is called consent.
16. A person under the age of 18 years who is married, pregnant, a parent, a member of the armed forces, or financially independent and living away from home is considered a(n) minor.
17. The unlawful touching of another individual without his consent is .
18. Intentional and unjustifiable detention of a person without his consent or other legal authority is called .
19. Preserve at a crime scene whenever possible.
20. A well-documented patient report is completed promptly after
1. Termination of the EMT-patient relationship without assurance that an equal or greater level of care will continue.
2. Consent for treatment that is presumed for a patient who is mentally, physically, or emotionally unable to grant consent.
3. Range of duties and skills paramedics are allowed and expected to perform.
4. Legal responsibility.
5. A breach of duty by failure to perform a required act or duty.
6. Exemption from legal liability.
7. An intentional false communication that injures another personís reputation or good name.
8. A formal contractual or informal legal obligation to provide care.
9. The unlawful touching of another individual without his consent.
10. A civil wrong committed by one individual against another.
11. A breach of duty by performance of a wrongful or unlawful act.
12. Provision that gives immunity to certain people who assist at the scene of a medical emergency.
13. Division of the legal system that deals with wrongs committed against society or its members.
15. The division of the legal system that deals with noncriminal issues and conflicts between two or more parties.
16. Deviation from accepted standards of care recognized by law for the protection of others against the unreasonable risk of harm.
17. The degree of care, skill, and judgment that would be expected under similar circumstances by a similarly trained, reasonable paramedic in the same community.
19. The principle of law that prohibits the release of medical or other personal information about a patient without the patientís consent.
Think about this: If an AIDS pt cuts his finger cutting lettuce is it relevant to tell the emergency room that the patient has AIDS?
Think about this: Is pt confidentiality violated by labeling the door to a unit ďAlzheimer Unit?Ē
Think about this: A school nurse calls EMS because a student is having a seizure. The school nurse gives you a note from the patents that state, ďMy child has a history of seizures. Only transport if she does not wake up normally.Ē
Think about this: A baby sitter calls 911 because the child she is watching is 6 years old and cut her finger with scissors doing a project. You are getting ready to transport and the parents come home and state that it is against their religion to accept medical care. What do you do?
Think about this: You respond to a MVC of a 16 year old female who has a head laceration is A&Ox4, 6 months pregnant and refuses care. What do you do?